UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON DC 20549
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
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Item 1.01. Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.
The information contained in Item 2.03 of this report is hereby incorporated by reference into this Item 1.01. The registrant disclaims any implication that the agreements relating to the transactions described in this report are other than agreements entered into in the ordinary course of its business.
Securitization of Receivables
On July 25, 2023, the registrant Consumer Portfolio Services, Inc. ("CPS") and its wholly owned subsidiary CPS Receivables Five LLC ("Subsidiary") entered into a series of agreements under which Subsidiary purchased from CPS, and sold to CPS Auto Receivables Trust 2023-C (the "Trust"), approximately $312.7 million of subprime automotive receivables (the "Receivables").
Item 2.03. Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.
Securitization of Receivables
CPS, Subsidiary, the Trust and others on July 25, 2023, entered into a series of agreements that, among other things, created long-term obligations that are material to CPS, Subsidiary and the Trust. Under these agreements (i) CPS sold the Receivables to Subsidiary (ii) Subsidiary sold the Receivables to the Trust (iii) the Trust deposited the Receivables with Computershare Trust Company, N.A. ("CTCNA"), as trustee of a grantor trust, receiving in return a certificate of beneficial interest (“CBI”) representing beneficial ownership of the Receivables, (iv) the Trust pledged the CBI to CTCNA as indenture trustee for benefit of the holders of the Notes (as defined below), (v) the Trust issued and sold $291.7 million of asset-backed Notes, in five classes (such Notes collectively, the "Notes"), and (vi) a cash deposit (the "Reserve Account") in the amount of 1.00% of the aggregate balance of the Receivables was pledged for the benefit of the holders of the Notes.
Security for the repayment of the Notes consists of the Receivables and the rights to payments relating to the Receivables. The Receivables were purchased by CPS from automobile dealers, and CPS will act as the servicer of the Receivables. Credit enhancement for the Notes consists of over-collateralization and the Reserve Account. CTCNA will act as collateral agent and trustee on behalf of the secured parties, and is the backup servicer.
The Notes are obligations only of the Trust, and not of Subsidiary nor of CPS. Nevertheless, the Notes are properly treated as long-term debt obligations of CPS. The sale and issuance of the Notes, treated as secured financings for accounting and tax purposes, are treated as sales for all other purposes, including legal and bankruptcy purposes. None of the assets of the Trust or Subsidiary are available to pay other creditors of CPS or its affiliates.
The Trust holds a fixed pool of amortizing assets. The Trust is obligated to pay principal and interest on the Notes on a monthly basis. Interest is payable at fixed rates on the outstanding principal balance of each of the five classes of the Notes, and principal is payable by reference to the aggregate principal balance of the Receivables (adjusted for chargeoffs and prepayments, among other things) and agreed required over-collateralization. The following table sets forth the interest rates and initial principal amounts of the five classes of Notes:
|Note Class||Interest Rate||Amount|
|Class A||6.13%||$ 133,984,000|
|Class B||5.98%||$ 40,180,000|
|Class C||6.27%||$ 51,123,000|
|Class D||6.77%||$ 35,177,000|
|Class E||9.66%||$ 31,268,000|
The 2023-C transaction has initial credit enhancement consisting of a cash deposit equal to 1.00% of the original Receivable pool balance and overcollateralization of 6.70%. The final enhancement level requires accelerated payment of principal on the Notes to reach overcollateralization of the lesser of 9.70% of the original Receivables pool balance, or 21.50% of the then outstanding pool balance, but in no event less than 2.50% of the original receivable pool balance.
If an event of default were to occur under the agreements, the Trustee would have the right to accelerate the maturity of the Notes, in which event the cash proceeds of the Receivables that otherwise would be released to Subsidiary would instead be directed entirely toward repayment of the Notes. Events of default include such events as failure to make required payments on the Notes, breaches of warranties, representations or covenants under any of the agreements or specified bankruptcy-related events. In addition, if the Receivables (pledged as security for the Notes) were to experience net loss ratios that are higher than specified levels, the existence of such a "trigger event" would also require that the cash proceeds of the Receivables that otherwise would be released to Subsidiary would instead be directed to payment of principal on the Notes, until specified increased levels of overcollateralization were achieved.
At such time as the aggregate outstanding principal balance of the Receivables is less than 10% of the initial aggregate balance of $312.7 million, CPS will have the option to purchase the Trust estate at fair market value, provided that such purchase price is sufficient to cause the Notes to be redeemed and paid in full, and to cause other obligations of the Trust to be met.
Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.
One exhibit is included with this report:
|104||Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document).|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|CONSUMER PORTFOLIO SERVICES, INC.|
|Dated: July 28, 2023||By: /s/ Denesh Bharwani|
Executive Vice President
Signing on behalf of the registrant
CPS Announces $291.7 Million Senior Subordinate Asset-Backed Securitization
LAS VEGAS, Nevada, July 25, 2023, (GlobeNewswire) – Consumer Portfolio Services, Inc. (Nasdaq: CPSS) (“CPS” or the “Company”) announced the closing of its third term securitization in 2023 on Tuesday, July 25, 2023. The transaction is CPS's 48th senior subordinate securitization since the beginning of 2011 and the 31st consecutive securitization to receive a triple “A” rating from at least two rating agencies on the senior class of notes.
In the transaction, qualified institutional buyers purchased $291.7 million of asset-backed notes secured by $312.7 million in automobile receivables originated by CPS. The sold notes, issued by CPS Auto Receivables Trust 2023-C, consist of five classes. Ratings of the notes were provided by Standard & Poor’s and DBRS Morningstar, and were based on the structure of the transaction, the historical performance of similar receivables and CPS’s experience as a servicer.
|Interest Rate||Average Life (years)||Price||S&P’s Rating||DBRS Rating|
The weighted average coupon on the notes is approximately 7.13%.
The 2023-C transaction has initial credit enhancement consisting of a cash deposit equal to 1.00% of the original receivable pool balance and overcollateralization of 6.70%. The transaction agreements require accelerated payment of principal on the notes to reach overcollateralization of the lesser of 9.70% of the original receivable pool balance, or 21.50% of the then outstanding pool balance.
The transaction was a private offering of securities, not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, or any state securities law. All such securities having been sold, this announcement of their sale appears as a matter of record only.
About Consumer Portfolio Services, Inc.
Consumer Portfolio Services, Inc. is an independent specialty finance company that provides indirect automobile financing to individuals with past credit problems or limited credit histories. We purchase retail installment sales contracts primarily from franchised automobile dealerships secured by late model used vehicles and, to a lesser extent, new vehicles. We fund these contract purchases on a long-term basis through the securitization markets and service the loans over their entire contract terms.
Investor Relations Contact
Danny Bharwani, Chief Financial Officer